1977 In Scientific research
On July 2nd of 1977, Kentucky Science Center officially relocated into its new residence at 727 West Main Street. On February 3rd of 2018, we’re commemorating 40 years of science on Main at our Science With a Twist gala: “Science Since ’77.” Our action was quite great, but there are a number of other amazing clinical advancements from 1977 to commemorate. Here are 10.
Apple Computer introduced the Apple II on July 10th 1977, a year which marked the advent of home computer use. Along with the Commodore PET and also TRS-80, the Apple II was regarded part of the “1977 Trinity.” This was Apple’s very first attempt at advertising to families and houses rather than services, virtually exactly thirty years before Apple released the initial apple iphone in 2007.
The rings of Uranus
A team comprised of James L. Elliot, Jessica Mink, and also Edward W. Dunham observed the rings of Uranus on March 10, 1977 at the Kuiper Airborne Observatory. Originally 5 rings were observed, and after that 4 more. 2 even more rings were observed by Voyager 2 in 1986, and then 2 even more by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2005. According to Science Fair Projects they have been named: 1986U2R/ ζ, 6, 5, 4, α, β, η, γ, δ, λ, ε, ν, μ.
The Wow! signal
The Wow! signal, called for the symbols made by Ohio State SETI job volunteer Jerry Ehman, describes a signal received by the Big Ear telescope. This is considered to be “the greatest prospect for an unusual radio transmission ever before identified.” Wow!
The Atari 2600
The Atari Video Computer System, later on called the Atari 2600, was released on September 11, 1977. It cost $199 (about $800 today), and came with 2 joysticks. Nine titles accompanied the release, but the console’s library grew with time to 565 various games.
First full genome sequencing
In 1977, biochemist Frederick Sanger and also team sequenced a bacteriophage called ΦX174, with 5386 base pairs. In that year, Sanger and also team additionally presented the “Sanger approach” of DNA sequencing, a major development for which he earned his second Nobel prize.
Last all-natural infection of smallpox
3 years before the World Health Organization announced the international elimination of smallpox, and also 7 years after increasing efforts to eradicate the condition, the last natural infection was diagnosed in Somalia. Vaccination for smallpox was found in 1798.
First multichannel cochlear dental implant
The cochlear implant was developed in 1961, yet the contemporary multi-channel cochlear implant didn’t come around until Ingeborg and Erwin Hochmair established it in the seventies. It wased initially implanted in December of 1977.
The Voyager program
In 1977, Voyager 1 and also 2, both built at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, were launched from Cape Canaveral. Voyager 2 launched initially, on August 20th, and continues to be the only spacecraft to visit either of the ice titans. 16 days later on, Voyager 1 released, and is the farthest spacecraft from Earth.
The Golden Record
Each Voyager spacecraft carries a Golden Record: a time capsule of sorts intended for extraterrestrial life. The document’s components were curated by a committee chaired by Carl Sagan. Photos of the planetary system and life on Earth, music of all kinds, noises of the earth, from Morse code to crickets, as well as a variety of greetings in various languages are all consisted of in the document.
On February 17 of 1977, a team of aquatic geologists from Stanford University found submarine hydrothermal vents and also their community near the Galapagos archipelago. Hydrothermal vents are splits in the earth’s crust that remove cozy water. Hot springs as well as hot springs are two instances of hydrothermal vents on land.